Categories
Tahoe Ski History

#289: SKIING IN SAN FRANCISCO & BERKELEY, CALIF.

Tahoe Sierra ski resorts closed early for the 2020 season due to Coronavirus. But nobody told the Storm King and a prolonged cool and unsettled weather pattern has continued in the West, with appreciable snow still falling in the mountains on occasion. More snow is expected this weekend with 2 feet or more on the slopes. It’s only early April in the high country; normally a great month for winter sports with warmer, sunny days, granular corn snow and diminished avalanche danger in the backcountry. Despite a light winter with only about 65 percent of average precipitation so far, a substantial snowpack still covers the ground.

This spring, people who want to go downhill skiing or snowboarding will have to climb for it. Just like it was before rope tows and ski lifts were invented in the 1930s. Back in the day, everyone earned their turns with sweat and grit. The 1930s were the breakout decade for alpine skiing in the United States. The marketing and promotion of the sport focused on San Francisco, Oakland, Berkeley and Los Angeles. It rarely snows in those locations, but that’s where the people who were willing to indulge in winter sports lived — so the marketing came to them.

The following was excerpted from my book: Longboards to Olympics: A Century of Tahoe Winter Sports.

Before the invention of uphill conveyances like rope tows and chairlifts, the most popular form of skiing was jumping. You could build a jump in the dead of winter and then pack a lot of paying spectators into an unused football or baseball stadium. Most importantly from a sporting perspective, jumpers were judged and scored by form and distance. There were clear winners and losers. In the late 1920’s, locals in Truckee, California, were the first in the West to build a wooden scaffold jump, on the town’s winter sports grounds appropriately called Hilltop.

Note the motion picture camera box on a tripod. Truckee jumpers were often filmed for intermission clips in movie theaters in San Francisco and Los Angeles. Southern Pacific Railroad pitched snowbound Truckee for Hollywood film producers looking for winter scenery. SP also ran “Snowball Specials” from San Francisco to Truckee for weekend excursions.

The Auburn Ski Club had a lot of muscle in the Far West. One of the club’s founders was Wendell Robie (right), an avid outdoorsman, equestrian, businessman, and also mayor of Auburn, CA. Bill Berry (left) was a ski journalist who moved to Reno in 1928. Bill lived into his 90s and I knew him well. Besides covering ski races and meets, he worked as a stringer for a New York newspaper writing about the colorful Reno Divorce Era in the 1930s and 40s. Bill was also a rare reporter trusted by Frank Sinatra. This photo was taken during the dedication of a monument to the legendary skiing mailman, John “Snowshoe” Thompson at Boreal Mountain Resort. The skis they are holding were 100 years old.

Before 1932, California did not plow mountain roads during winter months. If you wanted to cross the Tahoe Sierra in your automobile, it was loaded onto a railroad flatcar in Sacramento and then unloaded in Reno, Nevada. Or vice versa. In January 1931 the Auburn Ski Club successfully petitioned the California State Assembly to fund highway snow removal. The ski club argued that by opening Interstate 40 (precursor to Interstate 80), it would spur the development of ski resorts along the highway that would generate money for the state’s coffers. Keeping the road clear is a monumental task: Placer County — which includes North Lake Tahoe — has the highest average annual snowfall of any county in the lower 48 states.

Once California began plowing Interstate 40 over the Central Sierra, skiers’ dreams came to pass and the 40 miles of snowbelt from Cisco to Soda Springs blossomed with Mom and Pop rope tow ski operations, restaurants and lodges. And the automobile replaced the train as the mode of travel to or through snow country.

In January 1934, the Auburn Ski Club hosted a ski jumping tournament on the U.C. Berkeley campus. 43,000 cubic feet of snow were hauled in by train. Jumpers landed on a narrow stretch of straw bedding covered with 6 inches of snow. Nearly 50,000 spectators showed up.

The first Berkeley event was so successful that another tournament was held in 1935. Volunteers erected a scaffold jump 85-feet high with a 170-foot long slide angled at a steep pitch. Skiers were traveling 60 mph when they hit the launch point. The best jumpers in America showed up, but it was Auburn Ski Club’s own U.S. ski champion Roy Mikkelsen (shown here) who won with a 139-foot leap. For the second year in a row, the Berkeley ski jumping tournament ended with a huge, free-for-all snowball fight.

In February 1939, the Auburn Ski Club organized a grand finale tournament over several weekends on Treasure Island in San Francisco. The city was hosting the Golden Gate International Exposition, a world’s fair that among other things celebrated the opening of San Francisco’s two major bridges. The S.F.-Oakland bay bridge opened in 1936 and the iconic Golden Gate the following year. For the ski jumps, a massive tower was engineered with portable steel sections 186-feet high. Man-made snow was used this time: 500 tons of ice were ground to particles and blown on the jump and straw-cushioned landing area.

Jumper’s view down the ramp. Warm temperatures made the snow thick and slushy on Treasure Island and several skiers suffered twists, sprains and fractures. At times blustery winds hampered jumping distances and one skier was blown off course, landing in the reserved seat section. Luckily, Al Henry, Jr. of Tahoe City was only “slightly shaken” from his mishap.

One weekend an intercollegiate ski jumping contest was held, sponsored by the University of Nevada – Reno ski team. Blustery winds were again a problem, but the biggest distraction for the young men was Sally Rand’s Nude Ranch, a performance which featured women wearing cowboy hats, gun belts, boots, and little else. From the jump tower, the college athletes had a birds-eye view of the provocative attraction. Sally’s burlesque entertainment was only one of several “flesh shows” in the Treasure Island Amusement Zone, also known as the “Gayway.”

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Categories
Tahoe Ski History Tahoe Snowstorms

TAHOE NUGGET #281: WINTER STORMS & SHOOTING STARS

A powerful cold front is forecast to come barreling through overnight tonight dumping up to 10+ inches of fresh light powder on the upper elevations of the Tahoe Sierra. It’s been a dry December with blocking high pressure entrenched over the eastern Pacific Ocean so the new snow is welcome. (UPDATED 12-20-17. Most resorts received only 3-4 inches of snow.)

Despite the dearth of significant storms so far, Squaw Valley's upper mountain looks pretty good this week. Snow making and grooming crews are also working magic to keep the skiing fresh and are progressively opening new runs and terrain.

In March 1969 Squaw Valley hosted the World Cup races in extremely challenging conditions. Racers had arrived early from all over the world to train on the mountain for the event, but high winds and unrelenting snowfall at the end of February kept everyone cooped up in their hotel rooms. Note snow shovelers on roof.

During the 1969 World Cup preliminary races, athletes endured fierce blizzard conditions. The world’s best skiers could barely see the slalom gates ahead, and deeply carved ruts in the soft snow made the course much more challenging than the icy hard pack downhill racers are used to. Renowned skier, climber, and author Dick Dorworth, who grew up in Glenbrook, Nevada, and raced for the Reno Ski Club, was Chief of Course for the Squaw event. He deployed more than 200 people to boot-pack the runs, but despite their best efforts the volunteers couldn’t keep up with all the new powder and they were forced to cancel the downhill ski event.

Despite the severe conditions, Chief of Race Fraser West, supported by a fleet of snow grooming machines and boot-packing crews, managed to prepare the men’s slalom and giant slalom courses on the steep slopes of KT-22. Luckily for West and everyone else involved in the 1969 effort to host a successful World Cup, the skies cleared on the last day of competition and the racers finally got a chance to see the famed KT-22 terrain they were skiing. Note KT-22 in upper background.

The American contingent at Squaw Valley in 1969 included Tahoe racers like Cheryl Bechdolt, Caryn West, and Lance and Eric Poulsen. Legendary American skiers were there; characters like Billy Kidd (bib #15) and Vladimir “Spider” Sabich. After that season Kidd and Sabich would turn professional and join the newly-formed pro skiing circuit. The dynamic duo with movie star looks helped popularize skiing in the United States in the late 1960s and early 1970s.

Billy Kidd, who won the slalom at Squaw Valley, went on to enjoy a stellar career and is still one of America’s most recognized skiers. Among his many accomplishments, Kidd was the first American male to win a gold medal in alpine skiing and was the first American male to win an Olympic medal (silver-1964) of any kind in alpine skiing. He was also the first American to win a World Alpine Championship combined gold, the first American male to medal in a World Championship slalom, and the only racer to win both amateur and pro world titles in the same season.

Today, Stetson-wearing Billy Kidd is the official promoter for the resort of Steamboat in Colorado.

Spider Sabich was the suspected inspiration (along with Kidd) for the 1969 film Downhill Racer, starring actors Robert Redford, Gene Hackman and Camilla Sparv.

Vladimir Sabich Jr. was a Tahoe skier, raised at Kyburz, a small hamlet west of Echo Pass on Highway 50. Spider grew up ski racing at Mammoth Mountain and Lake Tahoe and later became a two-time world professional champion and Olympic skier. It was amazing that Sabich raced at all at Squaw Valley in 1969 considering that the 23-year-old speedster had already sustained seven broken legs and nine operations during the short span he was a U.S. Ski Team member. He went on to win World Cup races and a national title in downhill. After turning professional in 1971, the next year he won the World Pro Ski title. Tragically it wouldn’t be leg fractures that ended the charismatic racer’s impressive skiing career.

Spider Sabich’s racing credentials and handsome features earned him lucrative product endorsements – soon he was making more than $100,000 a year. He built a ski chalet at Aspen and purchased an airplane that he piloted to skiing events in North America. In 1972 Sabich met French actress and singer Claudine Longet at a pro-celebrity event at Bear Valley, Calif. At the time, Longet was separated from her husband, famed American crooner Andy Williams. Sabich and Longet lived in Aspen together until March 21, 1976, when she shot him to death after Sabich returned from a day of skiing.

Longet claimed that the gun accidently discharged as Sabich was showing her how it worked. Prosecutors pointed out that an autopsy report indicated that Sabich was bent over and facing away at a six foot distance when he was shot, not likely if he was indeed showing her the gun. Police made several procedural errors, however, and a jury convicted her of only criminally negligent homicide. Claudine Longet was sentenced to 30 days in jail and remanded to pay a small fine. Skiing sensation Spider Sabich was dead at age 31.

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Categories
Tahoe Ski History

#253 TAHOE'S OLYMPIC BID REJECTED

TAHOE NUGGET #253: TAHOE’S OLYMPIC BID REJECTED

The weather has been quite cold and unsettled this week with frequent, but generally modest snowstorms dropping powder on Tahoe resorts. Snow quality has been excellent since that big rain event a couple of weeks ago and ski conditions are outstanding with fluffy skier-packed powder and corduroy groomers. Two potent storms expected next week may add several more feet to the substantial early season snowpack.

Skiing and snowboarding have been great this week with cold powder conditions and plenty of snow on the upper slopes — Alpine Meadows on Dec. 13, 2012, looking north towards sister resort Squaw Valley.

This past summer the United States Olympic Committee decided against an American bid for the 2022 Winter Olympics and instead will focus on either the 2024 Summer Games or 2026 Winter Games.

Entities associated with a Reno-Lake Tahoe bid for a future Winter Olympics were disappointed, especially since they were feeling bullish about their position against other western contenders such as Bozeman, Montana; Denver, Colorado; and Salt Lake City, Utah. (Utah again? Already?) 

Our Olympic legacy lives on at Squaw Valley, but there are many people who want another shot at hosting the Winter Games in the Tahoe-Reno region.

By 2026 it will have been 24 years since this country hosted an Olympic Games and the wheel of fortune is likely spinning back to an American venue. Most communities lunge at the opportunity to bid for the Olympics; they bring world recognition and a lucrative tsunami of capital improvements and enhanced infrastructure.

Many people remember that Squaw Valley successfully hosted the 1960 Winter Games, an event that showcased the area’s sheer natural beauty and boosted the image of the Tahoe-Truckee region as a year-round playground.

Front cover of 1960 Winter Games program captures the soaring spirit of Olympic sport.

Fewer folks, however, are aware that Tahoe’s failed bid to host the 1932 Winter Games changed how California promoted winter sports. That missed opportunity helped launch an alpine skiing revolution in the Sierra that benefitted from better skis and equipment, and conveyances like rope tows that eliminated the long uphill climb and made downhill skiing much easier and more fun.

By 1928, Northern California businessmen were keenly interested in expanding the state’s nascent winter sports industry. Truckee had its downhill ski area and towering wooden scaffold jump at Hilltop across the river from downtown, where imported spruce skis could be rented and a “pull-back” lift was ready for whenever customers showed up.

This pull-back lift, an uphill conveyance designed for paying tobogganists near Truckee so they didn’t have to climb back up after every run, became North America’s first mechanical ski lift when skiers hoppped on board, years before the development of rope tows. The idea was to hook your toboggan on one of the posts, sit down, and ride it backwards up to the top. 

Not to be outdone by Truckee, Tahoe City established a Winter Sports Grounds just west of town and built a trajectory jump that marketing agents dubbed “Olympic Hill.” Soon after the United States was picked to host the 1932 Olympics (both summer and winter).

Competition to host the first Winter Olympics in the United States grew into an intense contest between three established winter snow play areas; Yosemite National Park, North Lake Tahoe, and Lake Placid near Whiteface Mountain, New York. Yosemite had opulent lodging at the Ahwahnee Hotel, Lake Placid promised to construct modern facilities, and Lake Tahoe promoters boasted of a $3 million bankroll that could build anything that the Olympic Committee wanted.

The jump at Olympic Hill outside Tahoe City was epic. During this international jumping competition held in 1932, foreign competitors arrived from Europe and Scandinavia. The deep snow, sunny skies, and views of Lake Tahoe over the forest canopy converted many skeptics that the region really is a world class winter playground.

In California the odds were stacked against Tahoe. Yosemite enjoyed a well-deserved reputation for scenery and unparalleled political clout — support that ran all the way to the White House and the director of the National Park Service. So it wasn’t a surprise that the California selection committee chose Yosemite as its bid site over Big Blue.

California had managed to secure the 1932 Summer Games for Los Angeles, but the state’s Winter Olympics movement ran into stiff opposition. State and private enterprises were heavily invested in marketing the Golden State’s famed mild climate. They feared the emphasis on snow and mountains would harm their efforts.

The European-dominated International Olympic Committee chose Lake Placid over Yosemite partly because of their perception that California basks in a year-round Mediterranean climate. Ultimately, Lake Placid was picked because of its location in upstate New York’s snow country where winter sports were common. The rejection was disappointing, but it served as a catalyst for the emergence of California as a winter sports powerhouse.

The Lake Tahoe Ski Club boasts more National Champions and Olympians than any other ski club in America. L to R James Worden, Charles Henrikson, Carl Bechdolt, Jr., Oliver Henrikson, and Al Henry, Jr., circa 1936. 

After the State failed to secure the 1932 Winter Games, the Chamber of Commerce switched gears and began to embrace winter sports as a viable, economic and popular commodity. It hired Jerry Carpenter, an enthusiastic skier and writer from San Francisco, to promote the development of the Golden State’s winter sports industry.

During winter months the focus of the chamber’s publication switched from sunshine and citrus to snowflakes and sliding. Carpenter wrote, “California offers her residents and tourists a complete program of winter sports that promises to equal, and in some respects exceed, the winter sports of the most famed European, Canadian and Eastern [U.S.] Resorts.”

Psyched-up boosters for a Reno-Tahoe Olympiad better hope that the U.S. Olympic Committee takes that Olympic Heritage to heart for 2026.

  

After the 1932 Olympic rejection, the Golden State began aggressively marketing winter sports — California Style.

 

This week there was enough snow for expert riders to hit the chutes of Idiot’s Delight at Alpine Meadows.