Tahoe Ski History



The weather has been quite cold and unsettled this week with frequent, but generally modest snowstorms dropping powder on Tahoe resorts. Snow quality has been excellent since that big rain event a couple of weeks ago and ski conditions are outstanding with fluffy skier-packed powder and corduroy groomers. Two potent storms expected next week may add several more feet to the substantial early season snowpack.

Skiing and snowboarding have been great this week with cold powder conditions and plenty of snow on the upper slopes — Alpine Meadows on Dec. 13, 2012, looking north towards sister resort Squaw Valley.

This past summer the United States Olympic Committee decided against an American bid for the 2022 Winter Olympics and instead will focus on either the 2024 Summer Games or 2026 Winter Games.

Entities associated with a Reno-Lake Tahoe bid for a future Winter Olympics were disappointed, especially since they were feeling bullish about their position against other western contenders such as Bozeman, Montana; Denver, Colorado; and Salt Lake City, Utah. (Utah again? Already?) 

Our Olympic legacy lives on at Squaw Valley, but there are many people who want another shot at hosting the Winter Games in the Tahoe-Reno region.

By 2026 it will have been 24 years since this country hosted an Olympic Games and the wheel of fortune is likely spinning back to an American venue. Most communities lunge at the opportunity to bid for the Olympics; they bring world recognition and a lucrative tsunami of capital improvements and enhanced infrastructure.

Many people remember that Squaw Valley successfully hosted the 1960 Winter Games, an event that showcased the area’s sheer natural beauty and boosted the image of the Tahoe-Truckee region as a year-round playground.

Front cover of 1960 Winter Games program captures the soaring spirit of Olympic sport.

Fewer folks, however, are aware that Tahoe’s failed bid to host the 1932 Winter Games changed how California promoted winter sports. That missed opportunity helped launch an alpine skiing revolution in the Sierra that benefitted from better skis and equipment, and conveyances like rope tows that eliminated the long uphill climb and made downhill skiing much easier and more fun.

By 1928, Northern California businessmen were keenly interested in expanding the state’s nascent winter sports industry. Truckee had its downhill ski area and towering wooden scaffold jump at Hilltop across the river from downtown, where imported spruce skis could be rented and a “pull-back” lift was ready for whenever customers showed up.

This pull-back lift, an uphill conveyance designed for paying tobogganists near Truckee so they didn’t have to climb back up after every run, became North America’s first mechanical ski lift when skiers hoppped on board, years before the development of rope tows. The idea was to hook your toboggan on one of the posts, sit down, and ride it backwards up to the top. 

Not to be outdone by Truckee, Tahoe City established a Winter Sports Grounds just west of town and built a trajectory jump that marketing agents dubbed “Olympic Hill.” Soon after the United States was picked to host the 1932 Olympics (both summer and winter).

Competition to host the first Winter Olympics in the United States grew into an intense contest between three established winter snow play areas; Yosemite National Park, North Lake Tahoe, and Lake Placid near Whiteface Mountain, New York. Yosemite had opulent lodging at the Ahwahnee Hotel, Lake Placid promised to construct modern facilities, and Lake Tahoe promoters boasted of a $3 million bankroll that could build anything that the Olympic Committee wanted.

The jump at Olympic Hill outside Tahoe City was epic. During this international jumping competition held in 1932, foreign competitors arrived from Europe and Scandinavia. The deep snow, sunny skies, and views of Lake Tahoe over the forest canopy converted many skeptics that the region really is a world class winter playground.

In California the odds were stacked against Tahoe. Yosemite enjoyed a well-deserved reputation for scenery and unparalleled political clout — support that ran all the way to the White House and the director of the National Park Service. So it wasn’t a surprise that the California selection committee chose Yosemite as its bid site over Big Blue.

California had managed to secure the 1932 Summer Games for Los Angeles, but the state’s Winter Olympics movement ran into stiff opposition. State and private enterprises were heavily invested in marketing the Golden State’s famed mild climate. They feared the emphasis on snow and mountains would harm their efforts.

The European-dominated International Olympic Committee chose Lake Placid over Yosemite partly because of their perception that California basks in a year-round Mediterranean climate. Ultimately, Lake Placid was picked because of its location in upstate New York’s snow country where winter sports were common. The rejection was disappointing, but it served as a catalyst for the emergence of California as a winter sports powerhouse.

The Lake Tahoe Ski Club boasts more National Champions and Olympians than any other ski club in America. L to R James Worden, Charles Henrikson, Carl Bechdolt, Jr., Oliver Henrikson, and Al Henry, Jr., circa 1936. 

After the State failed to secure the 1932 Winter Games, the Chamber of Commerce switched gears and began to embrace winter sports as a viable, economic and popular commodity. It hired Jerry Carpenter, an enthusiastic skier and writer from San Francisco, to promote the development of the Golden State’s winter sports industry.

During winter months the focus of the chamber’s publication switched from sunshine and citrus to snowflakes and sliding. Carpenter wrote, “California offers her residents and tourists a complete program of winter sports that promises to equal, and in some respects exceed, the winter sports of the most famed European, Canadian and Eastern [U.S.] Resorts.”

Psyched-up boosters for a Reno-Tahoe Olympiad better hope that the U.S. Olympic Committee takes that Olympic Heritage to heart for 2026.


After the 1932 Olympic rejection, the Golden State began aggressively marketing winter sports — California Style.


This week there was enough snow for expert riders to hit the chutes of Idiot’s Delight at Alpine Meadows. Not bad for mid-December!








Tahoe Snowstorms Weather History



SYNOPTIC SET UP: A “mother ship” of low pressure that originated in the Gulf of Alaska remained stationary off the Pacific Northwest coast as it shunted slugs of deep tropical moisture into northern California over the course of five days, from Nov. 28 to Dec. 2, 2012.

The official warnings were certainly ominous—an extended period of torrential rain, high elevation snow levels, and potentially major flooding on the Truckee River. Classic ingredients for what meteorologists call a “wet mantle” flood event when heavy rain washes out an existing snowpack and overwhelms the watershed, and streams and rivers breach their banks.

Yes it seemed that the components that can cause damaging floods were there (except for an established low elevation snowpack), but as it turned out the final surge of moisture turned to snow over much of the higher elevations which slowed snowmelt considerably.

Knife-like back edge to final cold front that swept through Northern California on Sunday, Dec. 2, 2012. Dry air behind the front ended heavy precipitation earlier than projected and cooler air dropped snow levels quicker than expected. The scenario eliminated threat of major flooding on Truckee River.

Residents living within the Truckee River flood plain between Squaw Creek and Donner Creek dodged a bullet this time, but that’s not to say their homes aren’t at risk. Those five days of rain and snow definitely had the potential to fulfill all the National Weather Service warnings for the Tahoe-Truckee watershed, but luckily the region was spared serious damage. In fact, we picked up a boatload of moisture and ski resorts are loving the two to four feet of fresh snow that blasted the upper elevations.

The 1997 New Years Flood damaged many homes located in the Truckee River floodplain between Squaw Valley and Truckee. They are still at risk from major winter floods.

In a reversal of the normal situation where Sierra Crest-based resorts usually receive the most snowfall, Northstar California reported the greatest storm total with 47 inches on the upper mountain.

Accumulations near lake level were measly—consider that Squaw Valley picked up 42 inches of snow at 8,200 feet, but only two inches at the base.

Virtually all the major resorts are in fairly good shape for the economically vital holiday season that’s only weeks away. If the Storm King doesn’t deliver more snow in the interim, when cold air arrives snowmaking will beef up the thin snowpack at resort bases.

When snow started falling at lake level in the Tahoe Basin on Sunday morning, flood warnings on the Truckee River were cancelled.

The recent stormy period definitely put the region on course for an above average 2013 water year. Although no records were broken, rainfall totals were impressive: Tahoe City saw 6.72 inches; Donner Lake picked up about 11 inches; Blue Canyon more than 14 inches; and La Porte, north of Truckee, was doused with nearly 18 inches. Brandy Creek, elevation 1,300 feet on the Upper Sacramento River drainage was the wettest spot in California with nearly two feet of rain.  


Lake Tahoe’s water level rose about 3.5 inches during the storm. According to the USGS, just 1/8th of an inch of water in Tahoe is equal to 397,538,220 gallons!

The NWS dubbed the persistent flow of Pacific moisture an “atmospheric river,” an apt term to describe the amount of water that poured down on the north state.  Seasonal precipitation totals in the Sierra were boosted significantly, with the Northern Sierra 8 Station Index currently averaging 220 percent of normal. (The index represents the aggregate of eight sites ranging from Highway 50 to Mt. Shasta.)

As of Dec. 5, 2012, water year 2013 is off to a roaring start, better precipitation-wise than the snowbound winter of 2011, and even ahead of the pace of 1983, the wettest winter since the index was established in 1922.

The Truckee River flood warning was issued when the NWS expected freezing levels near 9,000 feet, accompanied by heavy rain that would come rushing out of watersheds west of Highway 89, including Squaw Valley and Alpine Meadows. Forecasters predicted conditions akin to what occurred in late December 1955 during a similar hydrological event. It was called the “Storm of the Century.”

For 10 days during Christmas season 1955, a series of storms from Hawaii poured wet snow and rain on the Sierra and Northern Nevada. Officials said there was no cause for alarm, but Reno business people remembered the 1950 Thanksgiving flood that heavily damaged the city and they swung into action. Volunteers and National Guardsmen stacked walls of sandbags along the riverbank and in store entrances. Contractors supplied cranes to clear logjams and debris in the Truckee River. Parking meters were removed from downtown bridges.
Sure enough, two days before Christmas more than two inches of rain pounded
Reno in 24 hours. (Reno picked up only 1.34 inches of rain in the recent five day event.) Upstream nearly every power plant and bridge on the Truckee River was destroyed.

Downtown Reno underwater during the 1955 wet mantle flood event on the Truckee River.

Wet snow pulled down power lines, severing communication between Western Nevada and California. Logs jammed against bridge supports, and four feet of water flowed into Reno¹s downtown district. Many residents fled, although not before hanging their gifts high in their Christmas trees.

At Stead Air Force Base, holiday furloughs were cancelled, and hundreds of airmen with radios, jeeps, and trucks joined National Guard troops in sand-bagging and policing the streets. Finally, on Christmas Eve, cold air from the Gulf of Alaska turned the rain to snow, and the river began to recede. Overnight the swirling flakes descended on Reno¹s flood-ravaged streets, covering the debris with a mantle of snow. Reno residents awoke to their first white Christmas in years.

Ever since it was built in the Truckee River floodplain, Reno has had to deal with the volatile stream. Courtesy Reno Gazette Journal. 

This time we escaped unscathed, but whenever the Truckee threatens to spill over its banks, it helps to recall the Weather Bureau statement before the 1955 flood that “no menacing storms appear likely.”


Between storms in Carnelian Bay on Saturday, Dec. 1, 2012.